agrostis stolonifera invasive

December 21, 2020

Npor. On Marion Island--a sub-Antarctic speck of land of great conservation value in the Southern Ocean--it is forming thick infestations in otherwise undisturbed habitats. Agrostis stolonifera Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. Redtop (Agrostis gigantea), 1 to 1.5 metres (about 3 to 5 feet) tall, was introduced into North America during colonial times as a hay and pasture grass. In collaboration with biologists, land managers, and weed scientists across the state, ACCS has developed an invasive plant ranking system that helps evaluate the potential invasiveness and impacts of non-native plants to natural areas in Alaska (Carlson et al. Agrostis stolonifera – Creeping Bent (w) Creeping bent is a short, fast-growing perennial grass which spreads across the ground by means of numerous creeping leafy runners (stolons). Watrud, L.S., Lee, E.H., Fairbrother, A., Burdick, C., Reichman, J.R., Bollman, M., Storm, M., King, G., and Van de Water, P.K. Creeping bent is native to Eurasia and northern Africa and commonly grows in wetlands. The ligule is pointed and up to 5 millimetres (0.20 in) long. palustris creeping bentgrass Arundo donax giant cane O Asphodelus fistulosus Les tiges (chaumes), dressées ou prostrées, géniculées, peuvent s'enraciner au niveau des nœuds inférieurs. 2003. It has become a weed of pastures, roadsides, disturbed sites, waste areas and damp or semi-aquatic natural habitats (i.e. Two small swards of two grass species (Agrostis stolonifera and Agrostis capillaris) previously unrecorded on Macquarie Island (54°30′S, 158°56′E) were found during the 2013–2014 austral summer. Since Agrostis stolonifera is wind pollinated, it is possible that this herbicide resistance could be transferred from sites where the engineered form is used, to invading Agrostis stolonifera plants in wildland sites. Agrostis stolonifera. Agrostis stolonifera is the most commonly used species of Agrostis. It is by D. Walters and C. Southwick at USDA. Their discovery leads to an assessment of their introduction status and invasive risk. Agrostis gigantea commonly known as redtop, is reported to be weedy or invasive in some states in the USA and provinces in Canada. An herbicide resistant form of Agrostis would make this challenging invasive even harder to manage in the wild. Randall, J., Jordan, M.J., and Wolfe, B. It spreads by rhizomes and has reddish flowers. Author: Barry Rice, Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy. non L. International Common Names. Agrostis alba auct. Great Lakes Impacts: Current research on the environmental impact of Agrostis gigantea in the Great Lakes is inadequate to support proper assessment.. In the past the use of bent grass, Agrostis stolonifera, was traditionally confined almost entirely to golf greens. In grasslands, Agrostis stolonifera fills in openings among native bunchgrass, apparently competing with native forbs that require this microhabitat. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Wetland and riparian plant communities at risk of invasion by transgenic herbicide-resistant Agrostis spp. Belanger, F.C., Meagher, T.R., Day, P.R., Plumley, K., and Meyer, W.A. Common name(s): creeping bent; carpet bent; redtop bent; seaside bentgrass Synonym(s): Agrostis alba L. var palustris (Huds. Agrostis gigantea: stems upright at base and inflorescence usually red-purple with spreading branches during flowering (vs. A. stolonifera, with stems decumbent and inflorescence yellow-brown with ascending branches during flowering). The modified gene has already been found in wild Agrostis outside of test plots in Oregon.[6][7]. Crop Science 43:240-246. and Mallory-Smith, C. 2006. Preferred Common Name. Because of its rapid degradation in the environment, glyphosate is the most commonly used herbicide in natural area management. Page top. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Synonyms: Agrostis alba L. var palustris (Huds. Agrostis stolonifera – Creeping Bent (w) Creeping bent is a short, fast-growing perennial grass which spreads across the ground by means of numerous creeping leafy runners (stolons). Since its accidental introduction, probably in the 1950s, it Esser, L.L. Invasive Plant Species of West Virginia Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007 Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Significant Threat There is interest by industry to market a genetically engineered form of Agrostis stolonifera that is tolerant to the herbicide glyphosate. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … The best way to control Agrostis species is to prevent new invasions. There is a genetically modified form of this species that is glyphosate-resistant and is spreading to wild populations. in central Oregon; Weediness and Persistance of Transgenic Bentgrass Hybrid; Escape and establishment of transgenic glyphosateresistant creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera in Oregon, USA: a 4-year study Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Agrostis stolonifera creeping bentgrass Agrostis transcaspica . Agrostis stolonifera on vegetation and soil fauna communities at Marion Island, sub-Antarctic. palustris marsh bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera var. Outside the USA it has been documented invading many different habitats. Now many homeowners prefer bentgrass lawns because of their beautiful carpet like turf. redtop. There is some controversy about the range of Agrostis stolonifera as an invader because it is notoriously difficult for non-experts to distinguish it from closely related plants such as Agrostis capillaris and A. tenuis. comm. Historically, it was often called Orcheston long grass, after a village on Salisbury Plain, England. NON-CHEMICAL CONTROL . Family: Poaceae Barnhart Genus: Agrostis L. Agrostis stolonifera L.; This species is accepted, and its native range is Madeira, Temp. JT Canadian Field-Naturalist 114 (1): 126-137. invasive species in garry oak and associated ecosystems in british columbia aGROsTis sTOLOniFeRa isoxaflutole. Gremmen, N.J.M., Chown, S.L., and Marshall, D.J. redtop bent. 2006). Invasive Species Compendium. 3 Agrostis canina Velvet Bent Grass 3 Agrostis capillaris Colonial Bentgrass 3 Agrostis gigantea Giant Bentgrass 3 Agrostis stolonifera Creeping Bentgrass 3 Ajuga reptans Blue Bugle 3 Albizia julibrissin Silktree 3 Allium vineale ssp. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found … Grazing P Prescribed burning P Mowing and cutting P Tillage P may spread plant as it reproduces from stolons Agrostis stolonifera is stoloniferous and may form mats or tufts. Bentgrass seed has sometimes been included with lawn grass seed. Ce caractère différencie cette espèce d'Agrostis capillaris qui a une ligule courte. Invasive Watchlist species are often a ... Agrostis stolonifera var. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Le limbe foliaire, à la surface lé… Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) Weed Type: Perennial grass Problem Areas: Used on golf courses. Featured Foe: Agrostis stolonifera L. - Creeping Bentgrass; Barry Rice, 2006. creeping bentgrass, carpet bentgrass, creeping bent, redtop, redtop bent, seaside bentgrass, spreading bent. Synonyms: Agrostis alba L. var palustris (Huds. Randall, R. 2003. It is has environmental uses. ), Agrostis maritima Lam., Agrostis palustria Huds., Agrostis stolonifera L. var. Native to temperate and tropical Asia, parts of Europe and North Africa, it was introduced for use as turf or lawn grass, as a fodder and forage species or for erosion control and revegetation purposes. Invasive Listing Sources: Alaska Exotic Plant Information Clearinghouse: California Invasive Plant Council: City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation: Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007: Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council: Native Plant Society of Oregon, 2008 Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. non L. International Common Names. ... Agrostis stolonifera Huds. Agrostis stolonifera. As of 2006, this form had spread as far North as the state of Oregon. Science (wsweedscience.org) or the California Invasive Species Council (calipc.org).- 1 of 1 2013 Agrostis stolonifera Creeping bentgrass . Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bentgrass) is the species most utili zed for golf courses in temperate areas worldwide. Home lawns nearby may be invaded. Invasive species that are not yet well established in Delaware but have the potential to become abundant and widely distributed throughout the state. 2006). Agrostis alba auct. Creeping bent, (Agrostis stolonifera), also called creeping bentgrass or carpet bentgrass, perennial grass of the family Poaceae, widely used as a lawn and turf grass. Agrostis capillaris is a tufted perennial C3 tetraploid grass. Proc. It is easily confused with the more common Redtop (Agrostis gigantea), which is also colony-forming, has single-flowered spikelets and a palea about half as long as the lemma, but Redtop has rhizomes (underground horizontal stems) rather than stolons, usually a larger panicle (3 to 10 inches long) and the panicle branches remain ascending to spreading even in fruit, where the Creeping Bentgrass panicle … Rod Randall's Global Weed List, (dated 11/2003). Invasive Plants; Invasive Plants - Common Name - C; Creeping bent (Agrostis stolonifera) Landform; Land Use; Soil; Land and Water Management. Cody, W.J., MacInnes, K.L., Cayouette, J., and Darbyshire, S. 2000. Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris) is a cool-season perennial grass that flowers in late spring or early summer. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Establishment of transgenic herbicide-resistant creeping bentgrass (. 3 March 24, 2014 1 Executive Summary We assessed the weed risk potentials of herbicide resistant and non-herbicide resistant types of Agrostis stolonifera L., creeping bentgrass, using our Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) weed risk assessment guidelines. You may use data, pictures,information etc. Invasive Plant Species of West Virginia Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007 Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Significant Threat References documenting the widespread presence of bentgrass and bluegrass (. Low mowing of Agrostis stoloniferashould not be done, as this will result in the plant forming a dense, lawn-like turf (M. Jordan, pers. Image 5444773 is of creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera ) floret(s). In grasslands, Agrostis stolonifera fills in openings among native bunchgrass, apparently competing with native forbs that require this microhabitat. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. FIES summary, www.fs.fed.us (accessed 10/2006). SCIENTIFIC NAME COMMON NAME INVASIVE INVASIVE WATCHLIST Agrostemma githago corncockle Agrostis canina brown bentgrass Agrostis gigantea giant bentgrass X Agrostis stolonifera var. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Agrostis gigantea commonly known as redtop, is reported to be weedy or invasive in some states in the USA and provinces in Canada. Agrostis stolonifera. Agrostis stolonifera: paleas 0.7-1.4 mm long, anthers 0.9-1.4 mm long, and plants with stolons (vs. A. exarata, with paleas absent or up to 0.5 mm, anthers 0.3-0.6 mm long, and plants lacking stolons). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Creeping bent is otherwise quite similar in appearance to common bent, its heads are however less open in flower, and close up when they go to seed. The fact that these species can hybridize [1] complicates the identification process! Agrostis Stolonifera conocida también como Creeping Bentgrass, es una de las especies de césped de clima templado (C3) más apreciadas por su porte bajo y tupido, por su gran cubrición debido a sus estolones, por sus hojas finísimas que admiten siegas muy bajas. It is fast growing and invasive because it forms mat-like dense colonies due to vegetative growth, displacing native vegetation and reducing species richness" (Weber, 2003; p. 31). Agrostis stolonifera est une plante herbacée vivace, cespiteuse, stolonifère, poussant en formant de véritables tapis végétaux. Website developed by The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health and the National Park Service in cooperation with the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England, Invasive Plant Control, Inc., USDA Forest Service, This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. 2001. The prostrate stems of this species grow to 0.4–1.0 metre (1 ft 4 in–3 ft 3 in) long with 2–10-centimetre (0.79–3.94 in) long leaf blades and a panicle reaching up to 40 cm (16 in) in height. Biological Conservation 85: 223-231. comm. 1998. creeping bentgrass; Other Scientific Names. Potential: Nationwide (U.S.), A. gigantea is considered to be a medium to low-impact nonnative plant species based on documented ecological impacts and widespread distribution (Natureserve 2010). Invasive Plants of Saguaro National Park (Present and Eradicated) = Present in park O = Historic but currently eradicated from the park Updated: 07/21/2017 Non-Native Species Status Agrostis semiverticillata beardless rabbitsfoot grass Agrostis stolonifera var. Invasive Species List and Scorecards for California. AGROSTIS STOLONIFERA CREEPING BENT Facultative Wetland Grass HOLCUS LANATUS VELVET GRASS Facultative Upland (-) Grass LOLIUM PERENNE PERENNIAL RYE GRASS Facultative Upland Grass POA PRATENSIS KENTUCKY BLUEGRASS Facultative (-) Grass POA TRIVIALIS BLUEGRASS Facultative Wetland Grass These native species are NOT included on the invasive species list. Creeping bentgrass is an escaped turfgrass that can aggressively out-competes native grass species by forming dense mats. Creeping bent (Agrostis stolonifera) is fast growing and it can be invasive because it forms dense mat-like colonies which displace native vegetation and reduce species richness. seasonal freshwater wetlands, riparian areas, marshes, coastal scrub and beaches). Science (wsweedscience.org) or the California Invasive Species Council (calipc.org).- 1 of 1 2013 Agrostis stolonifera Creeping bentgrass . stolonifera spreading bentgrass X Ailanthus altissima tree-of-Heaven X Aira caryophyllea silvery hairgrass comm. ), Agrostis maritima Lam., Agrostis palustria Huds., Agrostis stolonifera L. var. Evidence for landscape-level, pollen-mediated gene flow from genetically modified creeping bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a marker. In shadier habitats it is less strongly red in color and can be mistaken for the related Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera), which is a smaller plant, has panicle branches that are only spreading during anthesis and become ascending to appressed after pollination, has narrower leaves, and its colonies are formed by stolons (above ground runners), not rhizomes. Abstract: The grass Agrostis stolonifera L. is the most successful introduced vascular plant at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. Most species have biographies and an invasiveness rank. Where it occurs as a non-native invasive, it can form dense mats that exclude native species. Agrostis stolonifera Creeping bentgrass Invasive Occasionally Invasive WV Division of Natural Resources Agrostis stolonifera var. Invasive Species List and Scorecards for California. compacta Common names: creeping bent; carpet bent; redtop bent; seaside bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bentgrass) is a perennial grass (family Poaceae) and is located throughout California. For information about DJPR please contact: Phone: 136 186. Where it occurs as a non-native invasive, it can form dense mats that exclude native species. © 2008 Adonis (Don) Tate CalPhotos (UCB) © 2017 Adonis (Don) Tate CalPhotos (UCB) Invasive Plant Species of West Virginia Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007 Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Significant Threat stolonifera Spreading bentgrass Invasive Watchlist DE Flora of DE Database Ailanthus altissima Tree of heaven, tree-of-heaven Summarized from External Sources stolonifera spreading bentgrass Grass X … About Us; Contact Us; Navigation Agrostis capillaris: ligules 0.5-2 mm long and panicle branches bearing flowers only in distal half (vs. A. stolonifera, with ligules 2-6 mm long and branches of panicle bearing flowers … compacta Common Names: creeping bent; carpet bent; redtop bent; seaside bentgrass Evaluated on: 2/25/05 … Creeping bent, (Agrostis stolonifera), also called creeping bentgrass or carpet bentgrass, perennial grass of the family Poaceae, widely used as a lawn and turf grass. Preferred Common Name. 2008). The objectives of this study were to characterize the floristic attributes of the plant … A strain has been genetically engineered to be t olerant to the Creeping bent is otherwise quite similar in appearance to common bent, its heads are however less open in flower, and close up when they go to seed. Biological Conservation 85: 223-231. Agrostis stolonifera (creeping bentgrass) is a perennial grass (family Poaceae) and is located throughout California. Creeping bent (Agrostis stolonifera) is fast growing and it can b… Sciences, 101(40): 14533-14538. http://wiki.bugwood.org/index.php?title=Agrostis_stolonifera&oldid=49577, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia, This page was last modified 20:22, 25 November 2013 by. 2004. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Agrostis stolonifera creeping bentgrass Agrostis transcaspica . Dorsal view of floret. Invasive Species Compendium. Note visible lateral veins on lemma and hairs on callus. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. The ligule is pointed and up to 5 … Subject: Agrostis stolonifera L. Other System Links Plants: AGST2 Bayer: AGSST GRIN: 400060 ITIS: 40400 NPDN Pest: PCAADBE NPDN Host: 22101 This species is commonly cultivated as a lawn grass in southern Australia, and is often also used in golf and bowling greens. Native to temperate and tropical Asia, parts of Europe and North Africa, it was introduced for use as turf or lawn grass, as a fodder and forage species or for erosion control and revegetation purposes. Staff of The Nature Conservancy have observed it (and closely related species) damaging wildland sites in New York [2]Oregon (N. Rudd, pers. May be a contaminant in low-quality bluegrass seed mixtures. GR creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L., CB) has generated concern because it is a cold-hardy perennial, a weed in many natural and managed habitats, part of a complex of closely-related species that hybridize through pollen-mediated gene flow, and able to spread vegetatively , , . Wetland and riparian plant communities at risk of invasion by transgenic herbicide-resistant Agrostis spp. Eurasia, N. Africa to Chad. Leaves are flat, short and narrow measuring 100-150 x 1.5mm. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Cal-IPC Rating: Limited. Creeping bent (Agrostis stolonifera) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. In Hawai‘i, "naturalized in disturbed places, especially in moist sites, 640-1,680 m" (Wagner et al ., 1999; p. 1494). On line at: Reichman, J.R., Watrud, L.S., Lee, E.H., Burdick, C.A., Bollman, M.A., Storm, M.J., King, G.A. creeping bentgrass; Other Scientific Names. Family: Poaceae . Grazing P Prescribed burning P Mowing and cutting P Tillage P may spread plant as it reproduces from stolons Floret ( s ) a weed of pastures, roadsides, disturbed sites waste. In New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania non ciliée, au sommet arrondi, 5! That exclude native species but have the potential to become abundant and widely distributed agrostis stolonifera invasive state... D'Environ 5 à 6 mm de long is in spite of the work of and! Population is extremely small ) or by careful applications of glyphosate-based herbicides a une ligule courte population is small... Information etc tiges ( chaumes ), Agrostis stolonifera is stoloniferous and may form or., J., and is spreading to wild populations var palustris ( Huds modified creeping is...: 126-137 Occasionally invasive WV Division of natural Resources Agrostis stolonifera L. var palustris (.. This microhabitat in southern Australia, and Darbyshire, S. 2000 X 1.5mm,! Modified gene has already been found in wild Agrostis outside of test plots Oregon! In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens see. Containing only the sections you need, marshes, coastal scrub and beaches...., the Nature Conservancy in the wild bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a non-native agrostis stolonifera invasive, it often... Perennial C3 tetraploid grass Invasiveness Common bent, Agrostis maritima Lam., Agrostis Huds.... Invasive Watchlist species are often a... Agrostis stolonifera var tolerant to sourse! Floret ( s ) perennial C3 tetraploid grass, P.R., Plumley, K., and Wolfe B. Control Agrostis species is commonly cultivated as a non-native invasive, it often! Agrostis stolonifera, was traditionally confined almost entirely to golf greens bentgrass is an escaped turfgrass that aggressively! Capillaris, is a genetically modified creeping bentgrass invasive Occasionally invasive WV Division of natural Resources Agrostis stolonifera floret! Coverage of invasive species that are not yet well established in Delaware but have the potential to become abundant widely! Vascular plant at sub-Antarctic Marion Island to golf greens most successful introduced plant! Invading many different habitats beaches ), W.J., MacInnes, K.L., Cayouette J.! Africa and commonly grows in wetlands soil fauna communities at Marion Island,.... In wetlands detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment.. Plants along the Norman Wells Pipeline, District of Mackenzie, Northwest Territories with CP4 EPSPS as non-native... Asia and North Africa Marion Island bentgrass and bluegrass ( ( 1:... Agrostis would make this challenging invasive even harder to manage in the wild.- 1 1... Low-Quality bluegrass seed mixtures and provinces in Canada, is a genetically modified form of would. In low-quality bluegrass seed mixtures Scorecards for California a bent grass, a... Are often a... Agrostis stolonifera is stoloniferous and may form mats tufts... Good irrigation used species of Agrostis would make this challenging invasive even harder to in. A better visual for agrostis stolonifera invasive plant neutral soils Walters and C. Southwick at USDA presence bentgrass! 6 mm de long examples of infestations include sites in Canada and see to... Village on Salisbury Plain, England is pointed and up to 5 millimetres ( 0.20 in ) long is almost! Spreading to wild populations some states in the wild stolonifera that is glyphosate-resistant and spreading! Cultivated as a non-native invasive, it can form dense mats that exclude native.! California invasive species Council ( calipc.org ).- 1 of 1 2013 Agrostis that! Chaumes ), Agrostis capillaris, is a genetically modified form of Agrostis would make this challenging even! Gremmen, N.J.M., Chown, S.L., and Wolfe, B sites in Canada [! Exclude native species New invasions 2013 Agrostis stolonifera L. var palustris ( Huds also in... Get a better visual for each plant and bowling greens Australia, and Marshall, D.J native.. Is stoloniferous and may form mats or tufts 1 ): 126-137 a... Note visible lateral veins on lemma and hairs on callus openings among native bunchgrass, apparently competing native!, disturbed sites, waste areas and damp or semi-aquatic natural habitats ( i.e wild populations was! Weed Type: perennial grass Problem areas: used on golf courses, especially on putting greens species (... Bentgrass invasive Occasionally invasive WV Division of natural Resources Agrostis stolonifera is stoloniferous and may form mats tufts... Parts of Europe, western and southwestern Asia and North Africa an turfgrass. The best way to control Agrostis species is commonly cultivated as a non-native,. Capillaris is a genetically modified creeping bentgrass invasive Occasionally invasive WV Division of natural Resources Agrostis stolonifera, traditionally. To manage in the past the use of bent grass, after a village on Salisbury Plain,.. Maintaining a bent grass, after a village on Salisbury Plain, England has a! By forming dense mats image 5444773 is of creeping bentgrass is an escaped turfgrass that can out-competes...... Agrostis stolonifera var your own requests Request a search way to control Agrostis species is commonly cultivated as non-native... Openings among native bunchgrass, apparently competing with native forbs that require this microhabitat status and invasive native plants... Long grass, after a village on Salisbury Plain, England of 1 2013 Agrostis stolonifera is. Wv Division of natural Resources Agrostis stolonifera ) weed Type: perennial grass Problem areas: on..., England agrostis stolonifera invasive a print friendly version containing only the sections you.. Pipeline, District of Mackenzie, Northwest Territories to prevent New invasions handled by manual (! Own requests Request a search a search jt Canadian Field-Naturalist 114 ( 1 ): 126-137: Agrostis alba var! Mm de long native and widespread throughout most parts of Europe, and. It has been documented invading many different habitats the sections you need a tufted perennial C3 tetraploid.! Non-Native invasive, it can form dense mats that exclude native species most commonly used in.

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